Be sure to use your own Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) and apply in text citations appropriately throughout your post per the Ashford University Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) resource.

Your grade for this discussion will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated. Select the three dots button above and then select Show Rubric.

The content of your initial post will be assigned by the first letter of your LAST name. You will then respond to at least two of your peers who were assigned different content areas than you, as directed in the Peer Response guidelines provided at the end of this prompt.

Note that your posting should be thorough and 300 to 400 words in length.

In addition, if you quote the course textbook, add the section where you took it from and add to the citation where you would normally add the page number (e.g., Shriner & Shriner, 2014, Chapter 1, section 1.1). For additional citation support, visit Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) located at the Ashford University Writing Center.

Before you submit your discussion, you are encouraged to review the Writing Center’s Grammarly (Links to an external site.) page, which includes a link to The Grammarly Guide (Links to an external site.), set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then, carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.


  • Discuss the text’s suggestion that temperament is partially biological.
  • What evidence have you experienced in your own life? Share only information that you are comfortable with, or you may use another’s experiences or a fictitious example.
  • Identify how the “goodness of fit” could support parents improve a child’s behavior.


  • Explain the difference between self-concept and self-esteem, according to your required text.
  • In your own words and utilizing citations, compare and contrast the self-concept and self-esteem stages for middle childhood versus adolescents.